Bhutan (Druk Yul – The Land of Thunder Dragon) is located at the eastern stretch of Himalayan Mountain Range. It is a land locked country in South Asia between Indian states towards west, south and east and Tibet autonomous region under China towards the north. Bhutan has a total of 1,139 kilometer of International boarder sharing with these two giant countries and covers 38,394 sq kilometers of total area.
With the beginning of 2008 Bhutan began with the new era and transformed from absolute Monarchy to Constitutional Monarchy. For the first time, the people of Bhutan voted for party in 2008. The election is done on duel party system. Like other Constitutions, Bhutan also has Upper House and Lower House.
Bhutan stayed unknown to many other regions till the beginning of 20th century because of geographical terrain and lack of communication system with other countries, Bhutan could preserve the tradition and culture for years untouched by foreign influence and modern development. Now 50 years down the line, Bhutan has developed to become one of the amazing Himalayan Country Tourist destinations disclosing her unique culture and tradition, Historical monuments & artifacts, Natural Beauty of landscapes and welcoming friendly & generous people.
Bhutan is the smallest country in the whole of South East Asia region. It is hardly noticeable in the geographical Asia map and covers an area of 38,394 sq kilometers sharing international borders with India and China. Towards west, south east Bhutan shares boarders with four states of India and with Tibet in the North. Bhutan in map is located in the north eastern hemisphere between longitudes of– 88 E to 95 E degrees and latitudes between – 26N to 29N degrees. The capital city is Thimphu.
The Republic of Nepal to the west, Bangladesh to the south and Myanmar to the southeast are the other neighboring countries. Because of its inland geographical location, Bhutan does not control any territorial waters. Bhutan can be reached by land and by Airways. Indian states of west Bengal and Assam are the main routes to gate way to Bhutan by land. International Airports of Bangkok, Singapore, Delhi, Kolkata, Bagdogra and Kathmandu are the airports to fly to Bhutan.
Bhutan on Map
Bhutan on Map of the World is located in South Asia. A small country, Bhutan is hardly noticeable in the world map and falls in South Asia map. Bhutan in map of South Asia is a landlocked country between India in the Southwest and China in the North. Bhutan Map in world is very negligible compared with other countries in terms of area and population.
Bhutan map covers an area of 38,394 sq kilometers sharing international borders with India and China.
To be precise, Bhutan on Map of Asia shares borders with four states of India towards southwest & east and with Tibet in the North. Bhutan is located in the north eastern hemisphere between longitudes of 88 E to 95 E degrees and latitudes between – 26N to 29N degrees. Thus Bhutan map location is easier to find in the world map if we follow these North & East longitudes and Latitudes. Thimphu City is the Capital of Bhutan.
Thimphu City, The Capital of Bhutan is located towards the west Region of Bhutan and stands at an altitude of 2248 m. Among all high-altitude Capital Cities, capital of Bhutan is the 4th highest City in the world in altitude. It is situated at the banks of Wang Chhu River (also called Ridak River) since the early settlement and establishment as a town.
Tashichhoe Dzong (Fortress), the main Administrative Center and seat of the Government of Bhutan, is situated at Thimphu, the Capital of Bhutan.
Punakha Dzong was the previous Bhutan’s Capital, but in 1955 Capital of Bhutan was shifted to Thimphu from Punakha. Then later in 1966, Thimphu was declared as Bhutan’s Capital City by His Majesty the 3rd Kind of Bhutan. Apart from the Government Administrative buildings and Monasteries, number of Business and commercial centers, National library, Educational/Institutional Centers and Industrial areas are famous visiting sites in Bhutan Capital City, Thimphu.
Bhutan Capital, Thimphu, is one of the main Tourist attractions with amazing structures of Dzongs, Monasteries and Historical monuments. There are good Three Star and Four Star Hotels in Thimphu to facilitate the guests. Besides, Paro International Airport is at a distance of only one hour’s drive from Thimphu.
As per the estimated population of 80,000 and metro population of 115000 Thimphu, Bhutan Capital City, has grown as a Business Hub in the west Region of Bhutan and gained popularity as a great Tourist Destination. A lot of Tourist visit is increasing yearly and it is a must visit Capital City.
Bhutan is named after the mythical story expressed by the ancestors as ‘Druk Yul’, The Dragon Country, believed to be blessed by Dragons in the ancient times. Presently Bhutan is known as “Kingdom of Bhutan” internationally. Bhutan is located at the foot hills of Great Himalayan Mountain Range towards the eastern extreme end and is famous for medicinal plants of great value because of its highland location.
Bhutan shares international border with two countries, India and China, in Southeast Asia with a total length of 1,139 kilometers and covers about 38,394 sq kilometers of total area.
Thimphu, the Capital City of Bhutan, is one of the most vibrant Tourist destinations in the western region as all the commercial facilities essential for tourists are available. It is also the business Hub in the west central region of Bhutan.
Bangkok, Delhi, Mumbay, Kathmandu, Singapore, Kolkata and Dhaka are connected to Paro Airport. Phuntsholing, Gelephu and Samdrupjongkhar towns near Indian border are entry points by land.
Bhutan is a small country with population. Based on the latest survey of 2019, the current population of Bhutan is 763092. It was recorded at 744000 in 2017, though an increase of population in 2019. So Bhutan ranks at 165th most populous country in the world. The population density in Bhutan is 20 per square Km. Bhutan population is equivalent to only 0.01 % of total world population.
Compared to that of total land area of 38,117 square km, population of Bhutan is very less of which 45.1 % lives in urban areas (about 343810 people).
Bhutan news is covered by few media organizations approved by the Royal government of Bhutan. Bhutan Broadcasting Services (BBS), Kuensel (news paper), Bhutan Times, Bhutan Observers, Business Bhutan and The Bhutanese are few TV channel, radio and news papers which cover daily and weekly news.
Kuensel Bhutan and BBS (previously called as NYAB) and are the earliest media centers of Bhutan which were formed in the year 1967 and 1973 respectively.
BBS broadcasts through both Television and radio transmission. BBS is the first and only television station in Bhutan which was founded in 1999. In 1973 National Youth Association of Bhutan (NYAB) was formed which was the first Radio station in Bhutan and transmitting news only through radio. NYAB was renamed as the Bhutan Broadcasting Service in 1986.
BBS live television broadcasts in Dzongkha and English. The Radio is broadcasted in Dzongkha (National language), English, Lhotshamkha (language of southern Bhutanese) and Sharchop (dialect of the eastern Bhutanese).
Few new Radio stations covering news and music have come up in Thimphu, such as Kuzoo FM and Radio Valley.
Bhutan is at the foothills of the Great Himalayan Range, and there are varying altitudes from the south to the high mountain ranges to the north. Altitude ranges from 200 m at foothills to more than 7000 m in the north.
Most of the cities and towns are located at the river valleys between the mountains at different altitudes varying from 1500 m to 2800 m in the central regions.
Because of its of altitudes, Bhutan has different types of Climatic regions and varied weather conditions even within few kilometers. One can see the change of vegetation as you travel from lower altitude towards higher altitude area.
High Mountain trekking is possible in Bhutan because of its mountainous region and beautiful landscapes.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Bhutan was worth 2.53 billion US dollars in 2018. The GDP value of Bhutan represents less than 0.01 percent of the world economy. The average GDP in Bhutan was 0.81 USD Billion from 1980 until 2018, and reaching an all time high of 2.53 USD Billion in 2017. It was a record low of 0.14 USD Billion in 1980.
The economy of Bhutan, one of the world’s smallest and least developed countries, is based on agriculture and forestry, which provide the main livelihood for more than 60% of the population. Agriculture consists largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. Bhutan ranks at 126 (2018 record) on the basis of world per capita ranking. The top most income generating sectors are Hydro power, Forestry and Tourism.
Bhutan is Democratic Country from 2008 after His majesty the 4th King of Bhutan himself opened the door for Democracy. From 18 July 2008, the Government of Bhutan has been a constitutional monarchy. His majesty the King is the head of the state. The government is formed and headed by Prime Minister and council of Ministers and the council exercise the executive powers.
There are ten Ministries in the Government which work under the guidelines and directives of the Government. A Prime minister representing his party and other party members forming the Government will stay in the office only for a term of five years.
Bhutan Prime Minister
Prime Minister of Bhutan is fairly elected by people of Bhutan through open General Election and he represents his political party. Once elected, he stays in power as a head of the government for 5 years term. The Prime Minister has some legislative powers in making decisions. He is supported by advisory council of ministers.
The interim Government is formed by Prime minister with the support from council of Ministers who exercises the executive powers. PM represents the country in international forums and conferences. One has to register from one the political parties before standing as a political candidate and must be free of any Government or NGO Corporate Office, and must declare all assets before election.
Bhutan House or Bhutan Embassy is the representative Mission Office of Bhutan in other Countries with which Bhutan has Foreign Diplomatic Relations.
A resident mission of Bhutan with a Special Representative was opened in Delhi in 1971. Subsequently, the Offices of Special Representatives in the two capitals were upgraded to full-fledged embassies in 1978.
Bhutan has diplomatic relations with 53 countries including the European Union and has seven resident Missions abroad including the Permanent Missions of the Kingdom of Bhutan to the United Nations in New York and Geneva. Bhutan also has Royal Embassies in New Delhi, Dhaka, Bangkok, Kuwait and Brussels.
The Royal Bhutanese Embassy plays an extremely important role in deepening the close friendship and understanding between the two countries and binds the bilateral relationship which benefits for the people of the two countries. Likewise, Bhutan also has bilateral relations with Japan, Nepal and Afghanistan.
BHUTAN ON WORLD MAP
Bhutan is in the heart of South East Asia region, a very small country and covers only an area of 38,394 sq kilometers. Bhutan is hardly noticeable in the geographical map of Asia and sharing international borders with India and China towards south and north.
Bhutan is located in the northern hemisphere between longitudes of– 88 E to 95 E degrees and latitudes between – 26 N to 29 N.
Towards west, south and east – Bhutan shares boarders with four states of India and with Autonomous Tibet in the North. Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar are the neighboring countries in the south and southeast region which are closer to Bhutan.
Economy of Bhutan
Bhutan is one of the world’s smallest and least developed countries. The economy of Bhutan is based on agriculture and forestry, which provide the main livelihood for more than 60% of the population. Agriculture consists largely of subsistence farming and animal rearing. Rugged mountain terrain makes it difficult to build roads and other infrastructures and construction cost becomes expensive.
The economy is closely aligned with India through strong trade and monetary links. Most industrial productions are from the small scale cottage industry. The government is expanding the tourism sector to help increase the GDP but keeping in mind to protect the country’s environment and rich cultural traditions.
Hydro power exports to India have boosted Bhutan’s overall growth through the years, though GDP fell in 2008 as a result of a slowdown in India, its predominant export market.
Bhutan’s Hydro-power potential and Tourism sector are the two key resources to increase the GDP yearly. The Bhutanese Government has made some progress in expanding the nation’s productive base and improving social welfare.
Monastery in Bhutan
Monasteries in Bhutan are called as Goenpas and Temples as Lhakhangs where the main ritual prayers take place. The origin of Monasteries and Temples dates back during the early stages of coming (introduction) of Buddhism in Bhutan in 17th Century.
One can vividly see the beauty and distinctive Bhutanese architecture in the Monasteries and Lhakhangs constructed around the country. The temples and monasteries are made in traditional pattern of stone, rammed mud timber and wooden shingles for roof which are designed perfectly and fitted with angles and edges with slanting inward walls. Interiors are painted in bright colors with symbols, images of Buddhist deities, lamas and saints. Temples and Monasteries are considered as the home of Gods and used for prayers and meditation. Monks also live there and receive spiritual training. Some of the ancient Monasteries with traditional architecture are – The amazing Paro Taktsang Monastery, Phajoding Monastery & Pangri Zampa at Thimphu and Gangtey Monastery at Phobjikha.
National Bhutan Dress is called ‘Gho’ for men and ‘Kira’ for women worn during special Official functions and Religious Festivals.
It was during the 17th Century that unified Bhutan as a Nation state introduced its traditional attire for men and women officially as Bhutan Dress to display Bhutan’s unique identity. Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, unifier of Bhutan, made it mandatory for all Bhutanese citizens to wear the traditional outfits to promote and preserve Bhutanese heritage.
Still, it is mandatory for all Bhutanese men and women to wear Gho and Kira while visiting Dzongs (Administrative Head office in Districts), Monasteries and Educational Institutes & schools all over the country. Government of Bhutan emphasizes on wearing the traditional Bhutan dress to make Bhutan a very unique country in preserving culture and tradition while promoting tourism.
Bhutan is the smallest country in South East Asia region and covers an area of 38,394 sq kilometers sharing international borders with India and China. Towards west, south east Bhutan shares boarders with four states of India and with Tibet in the North. Bhutan is located in the north eastern hemisphere between longitudes of– 88 E to 95 E degrees and latitudes between – 26N to 29N degrees. The capital city is Thimphu.
Nepal to the west, Bangladesh to the south and Myanmar in southeast are the neighboring countries. Because of its inland geographical location, Bhutan does not control any territorial waters. Bhutan can be reached by land and by Airways.
Bhutan is located at the foothills of the Great Himalayan range, so we find many high Bhutan Mountains along the northern strip from west to eastern Bhutan. Great river systems flow in between the Bhutan mountain ranges so we see the development of settlements on these fertile river valleys. The high mountain altitude ranges from 3500m to more than 7000m from West-Central to Northern Bhutan. So variety of vegetation cover is plenty in turn which supports different species of animals around the Bhutan mountain ranges.
Districts of Gasa, Thimphu, Bumthang, Lhuntse and Tashi Yangtse are along the Himalayan Range with high mountains of Bhutan such as, Jomolhari (7314 m), Gangkar Phuensum (7239 m), Masagang (7134 m) and Jichu Drakey (6794 m).
Language of Bhutan
Dzongkha is the Official language of Bhutan. English is also secondary Bhutan Language where maximum correspondences is done in English with other countries as well as it is a mode of writing within the country. In 1971 Dzongkha was declared as the National and Official language in Bhutan.
Dzongkha, Bhutan Official Language and its written scripts is said to have been derived/originated from the ancient Tibetan language (script), “Choke”. According to ancient history, scholars who went to Tibet to study Buddhism used the Tibetan alphabets to write Dzongkha in written form.
Bhutanese (Sino-Tibetan) Language is spoken by half a million people in west to eastern Bhutan though English dominates the correspondences in written form.
As per the order of the Royal Government, Dzongkha, the Bhutan Official Language is mandatory in all schools to be studied by all.
Other Language commonly spoken are Sharchop in the east, Bumthap in Central Region and Lhotsham in the South.
Bhutan December Weather
Bhutan weather in December is the starting of cold and dry weather conditions in Bhutan. The neighboring Himalayan countries may experience severe winter by December, but still it will be pleasant to travel to Bhutan. Day time temperatures remain relatively warm. The sky remains clear with little or no precipitation in lower valleys but may experience snowfall on mountain tops, which makes it beautiful to see the view of mountains. And as it the low tourist season the daily tariff is lesser by US$ 50 per person.
Bhutan is a pleasant place to travel during December for those who want to get away from busy rustling cities. Travelling to Bhutan in December, you will see fewer tourists, weather conditions will be good with mild temperature and clear blue sky to go on short hikes. The day time temperature ranges from 4 to 14 degrees making it a pleasant time of year to visit while night time temperature may go near freezing point.
Kingdom of Bhutan, a land locked country in South Asia, shares the international border with India towards southwest and China in the north covering about 38,394 sq kilometers of total Bhutan area and 1,139 kilometers of total International border. Bhutan is located at the foot hills of Great Himalayan Mountain Range towards the eastern end.
Bhutan National Animal
Takin (scientific name: Budorcas taxicolor) is the National Animal of Bhutan. It is an extremely rare animal (mammal) found in the eastern Himalayan regions and listed as one of the endangered species in the world. As of now four species have been recorded: Golden Takin, Mishmi Takin, Sichuan Takin and Bhutan Takin. Bhutan Takin, which is found in the north eastern highlands, is among the rare and endangered spices in the World because of its distinctive features. Their population in the wild is roughly 5069 as of 2001 and found above 4000 m altitude. They are found usually in groups of 20 numbers or more.
Its physical features are unique with thick neck, muscular short legs and shaggy dark brownish coat with black stripes on the back. Their height is about 97 cm to 140 cm and the horns are strong pointing backwards and then upwards. Unlike other mammals, they secrete strong smelling oily substance covering their entire body. It is also referred as large heavily built goat antelope of eastern Himalayan area.
Deforestation and over hunting of animals is one of the causes of decrease in number of wild Takins. Bhutan Government has restricted the killing of Takins with the help of Forestry Department of Bhutan.
Bhutan Weather in October
Bhutan weather in October starts from mid of autumn season with dry and sunny weather best for visiting Bhutan. Clear sky, bright sunshine and cool temperature is prevalent weather condition during October. It is the best time to visit Bhutan, the Himalayan Paradise. October provides you the best view of the great Himalayan Mountain peaks of the north with clear blue sky. October is the best time for trekking for those who love to walk the high mountains to venture out into the wilderness.
Most of the Religious Festivals and local village festivals will be taking place in western and Central Bhutan. The average weather condition favors undisturbed travelling with temperatures ranging from 12 to 20 degrees Celsius depending upon altitude of your journey. And the night time temperatures may drop down from 6 to 10 degrees.
The Mountain Goat, also called as Rocky Mountain goat, is a hoofed animal found in Highland areas and Alpine regions. They are sure footed animals and a great climber commonly seen on rocky cliffs and steep areas. Their habitat range from 2000 m to 5000 m altitude and found mostly in Alpine zones and rocky cliff areas. They migrate to different zones a per the climate change during summer and winter.
Both the Billy and nanny have beards, short tail and black horns, 15cm to 28cm in length. Mountain goats have woolly double coats protect them from high altitude severe weather conditions, even up to -40 degree Celsius. They are found in high Himalayas of Nepal, China, India, Pakistan and Bhutan. Some commonly found mountain goats in these areas are Bharal, Argali, Tahr, Takin, Antelopes, Musk deer and blue sheep. Bhutan with its high mountains and cliffs supports few mountain goats such as, Blue sheep, antelopes, musk deer and Takin. They are the varied species of wild mountain goats and sheep.
Bhutan is a highland area with attitude ranging from 200 m to the south to more than 7000 m in the northern highlands. Summer and winter hiking is possible with the help of experienced guides. There are many short hiking areas at Thimphu, Paro, Punakha in the western region to Bumthang in the Central Region. The short hiking areas like Taktsang Monastery hike at Paro, Gangtey hiking trail at Phobjikha and Ura valley hike at Bumthang.
October and November is the best time to go on hiking areas in Bhutan.
The best way to experience Bhutan’s country side is to go on hiking areas which is great opportunity for you to meet the village folks, remote school students, monks and other laymen on your way. Besides you will get a chance to experience the natural beauty and ambiance of the sacred highlands.